BlogEvents & NewsLegal ResourcesBill on e-Governance

December 14, 20210

Technology develops independently from the existence of a proper legal framework. However, Albania has an existing digital infrastructure that needs to be regulated by adequate legal acts, in order to be aligned with the European principles on free and fair competition. Conceding that science can be developed without the need of the ‘legal’ factor, the participating actors (public or private) who provide technological products and services in the public domain should behave accordingly to the legal norms.

Bill “On e-Governance”

The bill “On e-Governance”, published for public consultation on 22.10.2021 is one of the instruments of the “Albania’s Digital Agenda 2015-2020.”

The adoption as a law by the Assembly of the Republic of Albania would make this act the first ad hoc law on e-governance, as the existing regulations are at the level of bylaws and distributed in some parts of the legislation.

e-Albania will continue to be the only platform where public institutions and private entities  provide their electronic documents and services.

Applications for public services that do not require the physical presence of the citizen will be provided electronically through the use of information and communication systems and networks.

Entities which provide electronic services should be guided by the principles of security, legality and the principle of protection of public interest.

Special attention will be paid to the observance of the set standards for electronic security, to the information and communication in an electronic form, and to the obligation of respecting the law on data protection.

The National Agency for Information Technology will be the only responsible institution for the central infrastructure of e-government services and the centralized e-services, as well as for the submission of Electronic Certification and Cyber ​​Security.

Novelty of this law is the stipulation of the joint stock Company “Dgtech,” which will be supervised by the National Agency of Information Technology. Private entities that provide electronic services will be able to become its shareholders.

The validity of electronic administrative documents obtained from state databases through electronic data transmission, with electronic signature and / or digital stamp, will have the same legal value and probative value as any other official document.

The current system of electronic services will be improved through the service of direct electronic payment, independently from financial institutions.

Expatriates are another category benefiting from this act, by using e-residence system, they will apply for a virtual residence in the Republic of Albania, to gain the right to open a business here without the need of being physically present.

Institution-citizen-institution, institution-business-institution, and business-citizen-business communication will be more efficient by the usage of state electronic mail (PESH) as the only official electronic instrument for communication.

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